G. Beegan, P. Atkinson & D. Sugg Ryan,
Ghosts of the Profession: Amateur, Vernacular and Dilettante Practices and Modern Design, Special Issue of the Journal of Design History 21(4), 2008.
In Europe and the USA, the last century has seen the emergence and growth of the design professions and concurrently the development of design practice as an unpaid undertaking in myriad forms. This issue shows the terms 'amateur' and 'professional' can have both positive and negative connotations and are often contrasted with each other.
Professionalism, Amateurism and the Boundaries of Design
Quiet Revolutionaries: The 'Mir Iskusstva' Movement and Russian Design
Ghosts & Barbarians: The Vernacular in Italian Modern Architecture & Design
Designing Differently: the Self-Build Home
Parallel Practices and the Dialectics of Open Creative Production
The Special Issue is available here.