G. Beegan, P. Atkinson & D. Sugg Ryan,
Ghosts of the Profession: Amateur, Vernacular and Dilettante Practices and Modern Design, Special Issue of the Journal of Design History 21(4), 2008.

The focus of this special issue is the constantly changing relationships between amateur and professional practice during the last century or so, over the course of the ascent of modernism in design. In Europe and the USA, this period has seen the emergence and growth of the design professions and concurrently the development of design practice as an unpaid undertaking in myriad forms ranging from handicrafts, to DIY, to digital tinkering. Given the porous nature of the boundaries between professional and amateur, this introduction does not attempt to define once and for all these slippery terms. Indeed, this special issue demonstrates that it is impossible to do so. Rather, it examines the themes of influence and alterity that recur in design in diverse locations, periods and practices. As we shall see the terms 'amateur' and 'professional' can have both positive and negative connotations and are often contrasted with each other.

Gerry Beegan and Paul Atkinson: Professionalism, Amateurism and the Boundaries of Design
Anna Winestein: Quiet Revolutionaries: The 'Mir Iskusstva' Movement and Russian Design
Michelangelo Sabatino: Ghosts & Barbarians: The Vernacular in Italian Modern Architecture & Design
Roni Brown: Designing Differently: the Self-Build Home
Gregory Turner-Rahman: Parallel Practices and the Dialectics of Open Creative Production

The Journal of Design History Vol. 21, Iss. 4 is available from here. (subscription required)

Ghosts of the Profession:

Amateur, Vernacular and Dilettante Practices and Modern Design